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现代文学批评的不同类型

Different Types of Modern Chinese Literary Criticism

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【作者】 许子东

【Author】 Xu Zidong;Department of Chinese,Lingnan University;

【机构】 香港岭南大学中文系

【摘要】 五四以来新文学的文学批评中,"作家风格流派批评"主要兴盛于上世纪20年代。30年代开始出现的"社团组织党派文学批评",可分为"对外批评"、"内部论争"与"自上而下"三种不同文体,各有其不同的写作策略、历史语境和文风特点。三者之间的演变融和转化过程,直接参与并制约了中国现当代文学的发展进程。"学院文学批评",只有在80年代才对当代文学有直接影响。网络时代的泛商业批评则对各类文学批评传统,都提出了严峻的挑战。

【Abstract】 In the development of modern Chinese literary criticism since the May Fourth movement,stylistic criticism flourished in the 1920 s which resulted in partisan criticism in the 1930 s.Organized by the left-wing groups,partisan criticism was divided into three different types,known as "criticism of the others," "internal debate" and "top-down approach," with differed historical contexts,writing styles and strategies.Their evolution,integration and transformation deeply influenced the development of modern and contemporary Chinese literature.It was until the 1980 s that academic-style literary criticism,developed in the 1940 s,had a direct impact on contemporary Chinese literature.In the Internet Age,many new types of criticism based on different ideological and commercial manipulation have aroused and posed a big challenge to the tradition of literary criticism.

  • 【文献出处】 文艺理论研究 ,Theoretical Studies in Literature and Art , 编辑部邮箱 ,2016年03期
  • 【分类号】I206.6
  • 【下载频次】591
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