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韦伯中国命题新解:中国宗教之当代经济意义初探

A New Look on Weber’s Hypothesis about China: An Exploratory Study on the Economic Significance of Contemporary Chinese Religions

【作者】 罗牧原陈婉婷

【Author】 LUO Mu-yuan;CHEN Wan-ting;

【机构】 香港中文大学社会学系中国人民大学社会学系

【摘要】 对中国宗教文化的误读构成了韦伯中国命题解释力的硬伤,他忽略了制度性宗教与分散性宗教的区别以及三教合流的趋势。对于前者,对中国家族企业的考察表明,儒教伦理作用下的差序式思维对作为"法人"的中国家族企业产生了深刻的影响;对于后者,引入传统宗教的标签代替不可分的制度性的-/分散性的-儒释道的诸多类别。对福建民营企业家的调查数据表明,企业家的传统宗教信仰对企业经济活动与社会责任有着相当的影响。最后分别从各种不同的"中国"与"韦伯"的角度对西方理论的中国适用性与对待经典理论的不同态度进行了反思。

【Abstract】 The misreading of Chinese religious culture constitutes the main drawback of the explanatory power of Weber’s hypothesis about China, in which the distinction between institutional and diffused religions as well as the convergence of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Daoism, have been overlooked. Regarding the former, examination of Chinese family firms indicates that differential thinking way of association,which is based on Confucianism ethics, has a great impact on the family firms(persona ficta), while to response to the latter, it is necessary to introduce the label"traditional religion"to replace the inseparable institutional-/diffused forms of Confucianism/Buddhism/Daoism, based on which, it could be seen that the traditional religious belief of entrepreneurs has a certain effect on the economic activities and social responsibilities of the firms, according to the survey data of entrepreneurs in Fujian. In the end, reflections on the applicability of western theories to Chinese reality, and the different attitudes towards classic theories have been made from perspectives of the many different"Chinas"and"Webers".

  • 【文献出处】 社会学评论 ,Sociological Review of China , 编辑部邮箱 ,2016年02期
  • 【分类号】D635
  • 【下载频次】520
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