A New Look on Weber’s Hypothesis about China: An Exploratory Study on the Economic Significance of Contemporary Chinese Religions
【Abstract】 The misreading of Chinese religious culture constitutes the main drawback of the explanatory power of Weber’s hypothesis about China, in which the distinction between institutional and diffused religions as well as the convergence of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Daoism, have been overlooked. Regarding the former, examination of Chinese family firms indicates that differential thinking way of association,which is based on Confucianism ethics, has a great impact on the family firms(persona ficta), while to response to the latter, it is necessary to introduce the label"traditional religion"to replace the inseparable institutional-/diffused forms of Confucianism/Buddhism/Daoism, based on which, it could be seen that the traditional religious belief of entrepreneurs has a certain effect on the economic activities and social responsibilities of the firms, according to the survey data of entrepreneurs in Fujian. In the end, reflections on the applicability of western theories to Chinese reality, and the different attitudes towards classic theories have been made from perspectives of the many different"Chinas"and"Webers".
- 【文献出处】 社会学评论 ,Sociological Review of China , 编辑部邮箱 ,2016年02期