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《西药大成》所见中国药物的书写及其认知

The Writing and Knowledge of Chinese Medicine in the Encyclopedia of Western Medicine

【作者】 陈明

【Author】 CHEN Ming;

【机构】 北京大学东方文学研究中心

【摘要】 英国医士来拉等人在19世纪中期所著的《西药大成》一书,是西方近代医药学转型时期最重要的本草著作之一,也是19世纪后期在中国翻译的最大型的域外药学著作。《西药大成》中提及了四位与中国药物有关的人员和一部中医著作,并从药物的产地和对外贸易等角度叙述了一些中国的药物,体现了当时西方学者对中国药物的书写和认知。在《西药大成》所呈现的相关叙事中不难发现,中医药知识在全球化时代早期的中西文化交流所编织的医学知识网络中,已经开始了被边缘化的趋势。只有把近现代的中医药知识放到东西方交流的大网络中,才能辨析其在近现代世界医学中的角色、地位和分量。

【Abstract】 The Encyclopedia of Western Medicine composed by Layle and other British doctors in the mid-19 th century was one of important works on herbal medicine in the transition period of Western medicine and pharmacology in modern times. It was also the largest translated work on medical science in the late 19 thcentury. In the Encyclopedia of Western Medicine,four people in the field of Chinese medical science and a treatise on Chinese medicine are mentioned and some of Chinese medicine are described in terms of manufacturing locations and foreign trade,which shows Western scholars’ writing and knowledge of Chinese medicine. However,according to the relative account in the Encyclopedia of Western Medicine,it is easy to find out that the knowledge of Chinese medicine has been margined in the medical knowledge network formed in the Sino-Western cultural exchange since the era of early globalization. We must analyze the position of Chinese medicine in modern medical science in the world by inserting modern Chinese medical science in the huge network of Sino-Western exchange.

【基金】 教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目“中国与南亚的文学与文化交流研究”(项目号:16JJD750002)
  • 【文献出处】 华东师范大学学报(哲学社会科学版) ,Journal of East China Normal University(Humanities and Social Sciences) , 编辑部邮箱 ,2017年04期
  • 【分类号】K561.4;R2-09
  • 【下载频次】82
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