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发扬国粹:中国科学社与早期中国数学史研究(英文)

Propagating the Best of Our Nation: Science Society of China and the Early Historiography of Chinese Mathematics

【作者】 胡吉瑞

【Author】 Jiri Hudecek;Department of East Asian Studies, Charles University;

【机构】 布拉格查理大学东亚系

【摘要】 中国科学社和它的《科学》杂志自从1915年成立,一贯支持中国数学史研究。虽然第一任社长任鸿隽对中国知识遗产怀有轻视态度,但是比他年轻的社员对中国数学史有浓厚的兴趣。桥梁专家茅以升起了尤其关键的作用,先后介绍李俨、钱宝琮到《科学》杂志去发表他们研究成果。《科学》在1915到1939年间发表的中国数学史文章,占了全国这方面的论文的将近20%。科学社之所以跟数学史研究者关系如此密切,可能有以下原因:1)数学史作为现代学科在世界上被建立,成为一种模范,也创造了中国对国际学术贡献的机会。2)1890年代出生的中国科学家希望在国际上提升中国的形象。3)中国传统数学属于"安全的"历史遗产,尤其是跟当时的中医相比。

【Abstract】 The Science Society of China(SSC) and its journal Science(Kexue) provided from its early years space for historical studies on Chinese mathematics. Despite dismissive attitude of SSC’s first president Ren Hongjun to China’s intellectual heritage, younger members were eager to cover history of Chinese mathematics. The bridge engineer Mao Yisheng was especially instrumental by inviting Li Yan and Qian Baocong to publish in Kexue. The journal published almost 20 per cent of all articles on the history of Chinese mathematics between 1915 and 1939. The reasons for this alignment include a) emergence of history of mathematics as a modern discipline abroad, serving as a model and opportunity to provide a Chinese contribution to international scholarship, b) interest of the generation of scientists born in the 1890 s to raise China’s international profile, c) traditional mathematics was a "safe" historical product in contrast to e.g. traditional Chinese medicine.

  • 【文献出处】 自然辩证法通讯 ,Journal of Dialectics of Nature , 编辑部邮箱 ,2016年03期
  • 【分类号】G322.9;O112
  • 【下载频次】185
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