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现代汉语疑问代词非疑问用法研究述评

A Review and Comment on the Research of Non-interrogative Usage of Interrogative Pronouns

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【作者】 武宏琛

【机构】 北京大学对外汉语教育学院

【摘要】 现代汉语中,疑问代词的非疑问用法十分丰富,且出现频率极高;同时由于对外汉语教学以及汉外语言对译的实践需要,有关疑问代词非疑问用法的研究已成为汉语学界研究热点之一,成果颇丰。从对疑问代词非疑问用法研究成果的梳理可以看出:有关疑问代词非疑问用法的研究集中在观察、描写,呈现出由侧重描写向侧重解释的发展态势。该领域还有很大的研究空间:寻求语义和语用的解释是未来疑问代词非疑问用法本体研究的趋势;对外汉语教学、汉外语言对比方面的疑问代词非疑问用法研究会逐渐吸收本体研究成果优化教学、探讨习得背后的认知动因、通过对比寻找语言类型学上的共性,以推进该方面的研究;单个疑问代词非疑问用法历时与共时的互动考察、其非疑问用法的特性及生成机制、固定格式的对比也都是可开发的研究领域。对疑问代词非疑问用法的述评,为该项目的继续研究提供了一个清晰的起点,也使我们以更宽阔的视野深化对该问题的探讨。

【Abstract】 In modern Chinese,non-interrogative usages of interrogative pronouns are various in performance and high in frequency.It is a phenomenon worth researching.In theory,it is valuable especially for pragmatic study and cognitive study;while in practice,it is valuable for teaching of Chinese as a second language and translation between Chinese and a foreign language.The research of non-interrogative usage of interrogative pronouns has become one of the hot issues in current linguistic research,and there are rich achievements about these researches.From the review on the research of non-interrogative usage of interrogative pronouns,we know:present research achievements focus on observation and description;while the research appears the new trend of explanation.And there is still much room for promotion in this field.Seeking for semantic and pragmatic interpretation of questions about non-interrogative usage is the developing trend.In practical field,such as teaching of Chinese as a second language and contrastive studies of Chinese and other foreign languages,researchers will gradually absorb the achievements of theoretic study to improve teaching effect,explore the cognitive motivation behind the acquisition and find out language universality by comparing;these efforts would promote further research in this field.There are also many new spots for research in the field of the non-interrogative usage of a single interrogative pronoun,e.g.the interaction between diachronic and synchronic study,the summary of its characters and mechanism,contrast of different common structures.The review and comment on the research of non-interrogative usage provides a clear starting point for continuing to study on this project and help us deepen research on this academic question based on more extensive understanding.In addition to the introduction and conclusion,it includes seven parts:study on formation and development of non-interrogative usage,classified description of non-interrogative usage,syntactic research,semantic research,pragmatic research,applied research and the non-interrogative usage of a single interrogative pronoun.

【关键词】 疑问代词非疑问用法述评
  • 【会议名称】第五届北京地区对外汉语教学研究生学术论坛
  • 【会议时间】2012-05-12
  • 【会议地点】中国北京
  • 【分类号】H146
  • 【主办单位】北京大学对外汉语教育学院
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