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多尔衮与清初民族关系

Duoergun and the Relation Between Nationalities in the Earty Qing Dynasty

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【作者】 李凯灿

【Author】 LI Kai-can(Anyang University .Anyang 455000,China)

【机构】 安阳大学 河南 安阳 455000

【摘要】 多尔衮是清初杰出的政治家和军事家,是满族历史上做出巨大贡献的代表人物之一。在位期间以非凡的胆略和才识与周边几个主要少数民族建立了联系,并对某些地区实行了较牢固的统治。通过和亲、迁使、贸易、封号或施加军事压力等手段,先后与漠南、漠北、漠西蒙古以及西藏、新疆等地发展关系,使这些少数民族聚集地早在清朝初期就与内地有了密切联系。尽管其作为一个地主阶级政治家和封建统治者不可避免地会存在历史的和阶级的局限性,然而,摄政时期采取的一系列恢复、维护和发展民族关系的政策和措施,对改善民族关系,巩固和拓展疆域起到了重要作用,为日后形成多民族国家奠定了基础。

【Abstract】 Duoergun was an outstanding politician and strategist in the Qing Dynasty and one of the representative figures who had made great contributions in the history of Man nationality. While in his post,he established contact with some major bordering nationalities with great courage and resourlefulness. Through he used the marriages, sending the ambassador, trading, giving titles or exerting the military pressure,to develop the relationships with Monan, Mobei, Moxi, and the Tibet, Xinjiang, so that those minority gathering places have the close relationships with the hinderland in the early Qing Dynasty. Though he inevitably had some historical limitations as a landlord class politician and a fendal ruler,a series of policies and measures he had taken to restore and develop the relationships between nations were of great importance to improve the national relations, consolidating and enlarging the territory, which laid a foundation for forming a multi-nation country in later years.

【关键词】 民族关系蒙古西藏新疆疆域
【Key words】 nationalityrelationshipMongoliaTibetXinjiangterritory
  • 【文献出处】 河南师范大学学报(哲学社会科学版) ,Journal of Henan Normal University(Philosophy and Social Sciences Edition) , 编辑部邮箱 ,2003年05期
  • 【分类号】K249
  • 【下载频次】339
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