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论海洋法的发展与挑战——纪念联合国成立70周年

On Development and Challenge of the Law of the Sea——In Commemoration of the 70th Anniversary of Founding of United Nations

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【作者】 金永明

【Author】 JIN Yong-ming;Institute of Law of Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences;

【机构】 上海社会科学院法学研究所

【摘要】 在联合国成立70周年之际,回顾联合国海洋法的立法与发展进程,对于构筑海洋安全秩序有重大的意义和作用。联合国对海洋法的贡献主要为,制定了日内瓦海洋法四公约和《联合国海洋法公约》及体系。它们的实施对于海洋法律秩序的构筑作出了重大贡献,但由于《联合国海洋法公约》是折中和调和的产物,其模糊性在实施过程中出现了一些不同的认识和理解,甚至对立的国家实践,同时,也出现了一些未曾预料的海洋新问题,这些均是对《联合国海洋法公约》的挑战。作为《联合国海洋法公约》的缔约国,如何依据海洋情势的发展,进一步完善中国海洋法律体系也是紧迫而重要的任务,以确保国家海洋政策实施和海洋权益的维护。

【Abstract】 At the time of the 70 th Anniversary of Founding of United Nations,to review the legislation and development of laws of the sea of United Nations is significant and meaningful for establishing ocean security order. The main contribution of United Nations to laws of the sea is the legislation of four Geneva conventions on the law of the sea and United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea,as well as establishment of its system. Their implementation contributes a lot to legal order of the sea. However,because United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea is a product of compromise,its vagueness leads to different understanding,even opposite national practices during its implementation. Meanwhile,there arises some unexpected new ocean issues. All of those are challenges to United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.As a state party to United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea,China faces an urgent and important task to improve its legal system of the sea according to the changed situation of the sea in order to ensure the implementation of national policies of the sea and maintenance of marine rights and interests.

【基金】 国家社会科学基金重点项目“建设海洋强国的法制保障研究”(14AFX025);中国海洋发展研究会重大项目“中国在推进海洋战略过程中的法制完善研究”(CAMAZDA201501)
  • 【文献出处】 南洋问题研究 ,Southeast Asian Affairs , 编辑部邮箱 ,2015年03期
  • 【分类号】D993.5
  • 【下载频次】197
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