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论西藏草地畜牧业的发展对策与措施

Strategies and measures to develop Tibet pasture husbandry

【作者】 吴锋

【Author】 WU Feng~(1,2) (1 College of Animal Science and Technology,Northwest A & F University,Yangling,Shaanxi 712100,China; 2 Department of Husbandry & Veterinarian,Tibet Agriculture & Husbandry College,Linzhi,Tibet 860000,China)

【机构】 西北农林科技大学动物科技学院 陕西杨凌712100西藏农牧学院畜牧兽医系西藏林芝860000

【摘要】 西藏草地畜牧业不论是在西藏的第一产业中,还是在整个国民经济体系中都具有举足轻重的地位。通过对西藏草地畜牧业发展现状的全面了解,在大量调查研究和文献分析的基础上认为:长期落后的传统观念、分散单一的经营方式和对畜牧业经济资源的不合理利用,是造成西藏高原草地严重退化、草地畜牧业发展严重滞后的根本原因。据此提出了合理开发和利用草地、大力发展草地畜牧业、加大畜产品开发力度和推动西藏畜牧业产业化的具体措施。

【Abstract】 <Abstrcat>Tibet pasture husbandry plays an important role in not only the first industry of Tibet but also the local economy.Through the general understanding of the current situation of Tibet pasture husbandry,and based on thorough investigation and reference analysis,the author thinks the following factors,such as backward tradition ideas,single and isolated management model,and the improper utilization of the husbandry resources,are the primary reasons for the Tibet highland pasture degeneration and backward development of the local pasture husbandry.According to these ideas,this paper provides detailed measures to utilize and develop pasture properly,improve husbandry,enchance the production of livestock products and promote the industrialization of Tibet husbandry.

【关键词】 西藏草地畜牧业发展对策
【Key words】 Tibetpasture husbandrydeveloping strategies
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