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我国纺织工业东、西部合作与产业转移

TEXTILE INDUSTRY COOPERATION AND TRANSTER BETWEEN EASTERN AND WESTERN CHINA

【作者】 王礼茂

【Author】 WANG Li-mao (Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Beijing 100101, China)

【机构】 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所!中国北京100101

【摘要】 我国纺织工业主要分布于沿海地区。随着沿海地区经济发展 ,沿海地区生产要素的价格 ,特别是劳动力价格的上涨 ,使得沿海地区纺织工业的传统优势在逐渐丧失 ,纺织工业呈现出向西部地区转移的趋势 ,特别是纺织初加工业。纺织工业向西部地区转移的原因主要是 :来自国内外的竞争压力 ;区域分工与协作的需要 ;国家宏观政策的影响以及西部地区所具有的资源和劳动力优势。从纺织工业转移的前景看 ,棉纺工业向西部地区转移的趋势较为明显 ,而毛纺和化纤工业近期向西部地区转移的趋势并不明显。

【Abstract】 Textile industry of China is distributed mainly over the coastal area. With the economic development and the rise of labor force price, the coastal area is partly losing the advantages of developing textile industry. Textile industry is tending to transfer to the western area, especially the extensively processed products. There are four main reasons that cause the textile industry transfer to the western part: (1) the competitive press coming from both home and abroad; (2) regional labor division and cooperation; (3) national macro-economic policy; (4) the advantages of the natural resources and labor force in western area. In recent years, cotton textile industry transferred from east to the west remarkably, but there are no indications that wool textile industry and chemical fibre industry will transfer from east to the west in the near future.

【基金】 中国科学院区域可持续发展中心资助项目!“我国西部地区地域类型与产业转移综合研究”的阶段性成果之一。
  • 【文献出处】 经济地理 ,Economic Geography , 编辑部邮箱 ,2000年06期
  • 【分类号】F426
  • 【下载频次】627
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