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“全球城市”极化与上海社会空间分异研究

Polarization of the Global City and Sociospatial Differentiation in Shanghai

【作者】 李志刚吴缚龙高向东

【Author】 LI Zhi-Gang1,WU Fu-Long2,GAO Xiang-Dong3 (1.Sun Yat-Sen University,Guangzhou,Guangdong 510275;2.Cardiff University,United Kingdom,CF10 3WA; 3.East China Normal University,Shanghai 200062)

【机构】 中山大学城市与区域规划系卡的夫大学城市与区域规划学院华东师范大学人口研究所 广东广州510275英国CF103WA上海200062

【摘要】 采用2000年全国第五次人口普查的统计数据,对上海社会空间分异的当前趋势进行探讨,结合中国崛起的历史性、地域性,针对上海城市经济结构、产业结构的转型问题,对全球化下我国城市社会空间发展的趋向进行分析,发现上海目前的社会经济结构尚未出现社会空间极化。通过对社会空间因子空间分布的实证分析,进一步揭示上海社会空间分异程度尚不明显。

【Abstract】 Sociospatial polarization of Post-Fordist cities,especially the ’global cities’,has undergone a decade of intensive debates.It is debatable that whether the sociospatial polarization in global cities will be paradigmatic to other globalizing cities on lower level of the global city hierarchy.It is argued that social stratification under market-oriented reform in urban China is producing a new urban space.Therefore,this paper examines the emerging sociospatial restructuring in Shanghai,one of the most ’globalizing’ cities of transitional urban China.Using data of the 5th national census,this study finds out important evidence of sociospatial differentiation on the subdistrict level in terms of attributes of employment sectors such as primary sector,secondary sector,and service sector,as well as migrant status and educational attainments.However,no social polarization is found.Although the social structure is largely stratified along the lines of global cities,Shanghai at this stage did not present evident tendency of polarization.No severe sociospatial differentiation is identified.The reason is attributed to the specific developmental status of Shanghai,it is at the preliminary stage of post-industrialization.In addition,it is found that social legacy has largely kept in effect in Shanghai,as workers still live near to their working places,especially intellectuals.It indicates that historical legacy in the socialist era is still shaping socio-spatial structure.The impact of the state is also highlighted.As a state project,Shanghai is restructured by policies of the central government.Just as Tokyo and Soul,Shanghai also shows the ambitious of the developmental state to mould a domestic city to the global status.It is argued that the global city debates should pay more attention to different social and political contexts.

【基金】 英国科学院Socio-spatial segregation and neighbourhood change in urban China基金项目(批准号:SG-33836);美国纽约州立大学阿尔巴尼分校UCRN(Urban China Research Network)Small Grant基金项目;国家自然科学基金(40471039,40601033);广东省自然科学基金(06300105);中山大学“百人计划”项目(3171310)资助
  • 【文献出处】 地理科学 ,Scientia Geographica Sinica , 编辑部邮箱 ,2007年03期
  • 【分类号】F299.27;F224
  • 【下载频次】2824
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