节点文献

北京城市居民需要导向下的耕地功能保护

Urban Residents’ Needs-Oriented Functional Protection of Cultivated Land in Beijing

【作者】 赵华甫张凤荣许月卿安萍莉管玉婷

【Author】 ZHAO Hua-fu,ZHANG Feng-rong,XU Yue-qing,AN Ping-li,GUAN Yu-ting(Dept.of Land Resources and Management,China Agricultural University,Beijing 100094,China)

【机构】 中国农业大学土地资源管理系中国农业大学土地资源管理系 北京100094北京100094

【摘要】 虽然实施了世界上最严格的耕地保护制度,我国耕地保护仍然无法实现耕地数量、质量和生态的动态平衡。尤其在类似北京这样的大都市,仅仅倡导一般意义上的耕地保护已无法遏制耕地锐减的势头,必须重新审视城市居民需要导向下的耕地功能,并把保护耕地提升到保护耕地多元化功能的高度,是大城市耕地保护可能出路。耕地功能即耕地满足人的多种需要的功用。人的需要具有多层次性和层次渐进特征,在人的需要的不同发展阶段,耕地的主次功能各异,且前者的发展与后者的演替具有协同性。对北京而言,城市居民需要阶段性与耕地功能的演替相对应。文章以恩格尔系数和问卷调查数据为依据,对北京城市居民水平和需要发展阶段分别进行界定和验证,以此为基础提出不同时期应重点保护的耕地功能。研究表明,在北京城市居民需求的第一阶段,应以保护耕地的生产功能为主;在城市居民需求的第二阶段,应着重保护和发挥耕地的生产功能和旅游观光休闲功能;在大城市城市居民发展的第三阶段,应重视耕地的多功能性,保护其生态服务功能、景观服务功能、旅游观光休闲功能和社会服务功能等。

【Abstract】 Cultivated land protection measure is regarded as a basic national policy in China.In order to solve the problems resulted from the shortage of cultivated land resources and achieve the goal of food security of China,a set of land management policies have been implemented.However,the dynamic equilibrium of cultivated land resources is still out of control,especially for such a metropolis like Beijing.It seems useless to call for the citizens protecting the quantity,quality and ecology of cultivated land,so it is necessary to renovate the consciousness of urban residents about the functions of cultivated land and update the traditional cultivated land protection methods.It is a comparatively feasible way to solve the cultivated land loss in Beijing.Cultivated land has multiplicate functions.In different evolutive stages of human needs,the primary and secondary functions of cultivated land are different.Human needs can be classified into three levels,the need of survival,the need of development and the need of enjoyment.Furthermore,Beijing urban residents’ needs are specific,which can be divided into three stages according to the urban residents’ life stages.In addition,to validate their coexistent needs’,current cognitions on cultivated land functions and urban residents’ agro-tourism tendency were investigated.Then the key function needed to be protected of cultivated land in Beijing was analyzed.The study shows that: At the first stage,the key function of cultivated land needed to protect is its productive ability;at the second stage,the key function is mainly the production and the sightseeing-and-recreation;and at the third stage,it is its multiform functions,such as ecological service,view,sightseeing and recreation,social service.

【基金】 北京市国土资源局资助规划专项:“北京市耕地保护目标和对策研究”
  • 【分类号】F323.211
  • 【下载频次】833
节点文献中: 

本文链接的文献网络图示:

本文的引文网络
网页聊天
live chat
在线营销
live chat